- Ingrown toenails
- Chronic heel pain
- A broken foot or ankle
- Numbness, tingling or loss of sensation in the feet
- Severe pain
- Difficulty bearing weight on a foot or ankle
- A visible foot deformity
- Signs of infection (e.g. redness; swelling; fever)
- An ulcer or open wound
Around 60 percent of older men and women suffer from a foot disorder that makes it difficult for them to stand or walk. One of the most common of these disorders is bunions. Despite the prevalence of this condition, there are fortunately ways that you can protect yourself against it.
Dr. Charlotte A. Reisinger and Dr. Dusky R. Farmer are podiatrists at Reisinger Farmer Podiatry in Evansville, IN, that specialize in the treatment of bunion—read on to learn how they can help you avoid this problem.
What is a Bunion?
A bunion (hallux valgus) is a swelling that appears on the side of the big toe below the middle joint. This progressive disorder gradually changes the bony structure of the foot causing the big toe to bend towards the second toe instead of pointing forward. If left untreated over the years, a bunion can cause pain, movement difficulties, and general discomfort when wearing shoes.
How to Avoid Bunions
- Wear properly fitting shoes: Keeping your feet healthy is all about wearing the right footwear. That means wearing shoes that are a little loose on your foot and don’t compress your toes. The most comfortable shoes have good arch support and heels lower than two inches.
- Make sure your shoes have a proper alignment: If you have flat feet, or your feet are misaligned, you should wear orthotic inserts in your shoes to provide the best support. Visiting your Evansville podiatrist will help you find the best shoes and inserts for your feet.
- Maintain a healthy weight: If you are overweight, this puts unnecessary pressure on your feet as you stand or walk and particularly on the joint of your big toe. The higher pressure increases your chances of developing foot problems such as bunions.
If you’re looking for a podiatrist in Evansville, call Reisinger Farmer Podiatry today at (812) 421-8555.
- Trauma or injury to the foot, damaging the nerve and resulting in swelling.
- Improper footwear, like shoes that squeeze the foot together. High heels also increase pressure on the vulnerable areas.
- Recurring stress to the feet through repeated physical activities or exercise. This is common with patients who are constantly on their feet due to their job.
- Deformities of the foot, like a high arch or flat foot. These lead to instability throughout the foot.
- Taping and padding: This is a special type of tape and bandages that you place on the bottom of the foot. This helps with your symptoms.
- Orthotics: These are the custom shoes that your podiatrist can create for you.
- Medication: Cortisone injections reduce the pain and inflammation in the foot. Anti-inflammatory drugs also reduce your swelling.
- Surgery is the last resort for treatment. The procedure is done on an outpatient basis. The injured nerve is removed and recovery takes a few weeks.
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