Posts for category: Foot Conditions
The arches of the feet play a role in supporting your body’s weight when standing or in motion. The tarsal and metatarsal bones make up the arches of the feet, also receiving additional support and stability from tendons and ligaments; however, our feet, like the rest of our body, can be affected by infections, disorders, and structural changes that can impact not only the health of our feet but also our mobility. It’s important to recognize the warning signs of arch problems so you know when you to see a podiatrist.
Arch Pain Causes
If you are dealing with arch pain it is most likely caused by an injury or by structural abnormalities in the foot. For example, those with very high arches as well as those with flat feet may experience arch problems due to these common structural issues.
As a result, there are other factors that could also lead to further arch problems including:
- Being overweight or obese
- Plantar fasciitis
- Cavus foot
- Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction
It’s important to understand a little bit more about these common foot disorders and how they could affect the arches of your feet.
This condition that causes inflammation and microtears in the plantar fascia is also the most common cause of heel pain. Of course, because the plantar fascia (a ligament that connects the toes to the heel bone) also supports the arches of the feet this can also lead to arch pain. This condition is usually the result of overuse and is seen most often in runners. If you have plantar fasciitis it’s important to avoid physical activities until the fascia has fully healed.
This condition, which affects the structure of the foot, leads to excessively high arches. People who’ve had a stroke, as well as people with certain conditions such as cerebral palsy may be more likely to develop cavus foot. This problem causes arch pain when standing or walking and can increase the risk for ankle injuries. Your podiatrist may choose to treat cavus foot through custom-made orthotics (shoe inserts), bracing, or by recommending specialized and supportive footwear.
Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction
The posterior tibial tendon runs from the calf muscles to the inner portion of the foot. This condition leads to changes in the tendon, which in turn affects its ability to support the arches of the foot. Flat feet can be caused by posterior tibial tendon dysfunction, and this is often the cause of flat feet that develop in adulthood. Like the other conditions above, treatment for PTTD usually involves bracing, orthotics, or providing custom devices that provide additional support to the arches of the feet.
If you are experiencing foot pain, swelling or other problems that affect mobility then it’s time that you turned to a podiatrist for care. Conditions and injuries that don’t respond to rest and at-home care may require more advanced treatments and therapies.
Are you embarrassed by cracked, yellowish nails? Are your nails thick and difficult to trim? If you answered yes, you may have a fungal nail infection. You may be surprised to know that fungus is the cause of up to 50 percent of all nail infections. Dr. Charlotte A. Reisinger and Dr. Dusky R. Farmer are board-certified podiatrists located in Evansville, IN. They are experts at treating nail fungus.
What You Should Know about Nail Fungus
Nail fungus is most common on toenails, but it is possible to get it on your fingernails as well. While it seldom affects young people, nail fungus is common in people who are over the age of 60. If you suffer from type 2 diabetes and you begin to see signs of nail fungus, you should talk to a podiatrist immediately as it could lead to more serious complications. If left untreated, in combination with diabetes, nail fungus could lead to amputation.
Nail Fungus Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of nail fungus include:
- White spots on the nail’s surface
- Nails that turn yellow or brown
- Nails that grow thicker than normal
- Brittle nails
- Nails that curl up or down
- Nails that lift from the nail bed
- A bad smell from your nails
- Pain from the nailbed
You should see a podiatrist if you are experiencing any of these symptoms. The sooner you receive treatment, the easier the issue will be to alleviate.
Preventing Nail Fungus
To reduce your risk of contracting nail fungus, you can:
- Make sure your hands and feet are dry after you have bathed
- Trim your nails regularly
- Avoid walking barefoot on pool decks or in locker rooms
- Change your socks regularly
- If your feet sweat, use foot powder
- Keep a spare pair of sneakers so sweaty ones can dry out.
If you have nail fungus, your podiatrist can treat often the issue with cream or with oral medication.
Living in or around Evansville, IN and have fungal nails? Don’t suffer in silence—contact Dr. Reisinger or Dr. Farmer at (812) 421 8555 and take the first step on the road to healthy nails.
There are 52 bones in your feet and ankles, which means that feet contain about 25 percent of the bones in our bodies. Our feet also contain about 20-25 percent of the total joints in our body; therefore, it’s not too surprising to find out that your feet and ankles are unfortunately more likely to deal with tendon and joint pain at some point, whether through injury or certain conditions such as arthritis. When pain and other foot problems arise it’s important that you have a podiatrist you can turn to.
Common Causes of Tendon and Joint Pain in the Feet
Tendons are soft tissues that connect the muscles to the bones. Everything from overuse and foot injuries to structural imbalances can lead to pain. Common causes of tendon and joint pain include:
- Tendonitis: inflammation of the tendon caused by injury or overuse
- Sprains and strains: a common but usually minor foot and ankle injury, typically caused by physical activity
- Arthritis: a chronic, progressive condition that leads to joint pain, stiffness, and damage (osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis to affect feet and ankles)
- Obesity: being overweight or obese can also put excessive pressure on the joints and tendons of your feet and ankles, leading to pain and other problems
Treating Tendon and Joint Pain
Visiting a podiatrist is the best choice you can make if you are dealing with severe, persistent, or new foot and ankle pain. Since some conditions can get worse without proper care and rest it’s important to find out what’s causing your pain so you know how to effectively treat it.
If you are dealing with pain caused by a sports injury or strain it’s a good idea to see a medical professional so you know the extent of the injury. More severe sprains may require protective boots or crutches to reduce the amount of weight being placed on the injured ankle or foot.
Arthritis is also a surprisingly common cause of foot pain. If you notice joint pain and stiffness that affects functionality, range of motion and mobility in your feet then you could be dealing with arthritis. Since arthritis can get worse without treatment, it is important that you work with your pediatrician and a team of medical professionals to determine the best medications and course of action to help manage your foot pain and to prevent permanent joint damage.
If you are experiencing foot pain it’s important to see a qualified medical professional that can determine the best way to treat your symptoms. Call your podiatrist today for a comprehensive evaluation.
Heel pain is a common foot problem that podiatrists often treat. Knowing the cause of your pain is important in determining the most effective treatment method. Even if the pain seems minor, it’s amazing how much it can affect your whole body, making it difficult to get out of bed let alone go on your regular run. If you are struggling with heel pain you might be dealing with a condition known as plantar fasciitis.
What is plantar fasciitis?
The source of your pain may originate in the plantar fascia, a tough band of connective tissue that connects your toes to your feet. If the fascia becomes inflamed, you may feel pain in your heel. Of course, everything from wearing high heels to long runs can actually irritate and cause inflammation within the plantar fascia. When this happens this is known as plantar fasciitis. This condition is usually the result of overuse and repeated stress rather than an injury.
What are the symptoms of plantar fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis causes heel pain that originates at the bottom of the heel below the heel bone. The pain may spread to the arches of the feet and may also be accompanied by stiffness. These symptoms are often exacerbated first thing in the morning or after long bouts of sitting or standing. Sometimes, light activity and exercise can momentarily lessen the pain.
How is plantar fasciitis treated?
If you know that you have plantar fasciitis (perhaps you’ve had it before) then you know it’s important to rest, avoid physical activity, and take over-the-counter pain relievers. Of course, if you’ve never experienced heel pain before it’s important to see a podiatrist to find out whether it’s plantar fasciitis or another condition such as heel spurs or Achilles tendonitis. A thorough evaluation from a medical professional is often necessary, especially if this is the first time dealing with heel pain.
Your podiatrist can also show you stretching and strengthening exercises that you can perform to help stretch the plantar fascia to reduce pain and discomfort. Some patients also choose to wear a night splint to reduce morning stiffness and arch pain.
If your symptoms aren’t being alleviated through conservative treatment methods or if you are experiencing chronic heel pain your podiatrist may recommend surgery.
If you are dealing with stubborn and painful heels turn to a podiatrist for a consultation.
Ingrown toenails are a common problem, but you can lower your risk by taking a few precautions. For healthy people, ingrown toenails are usually a minor issue that causes temporary pain, swelling, and discomfort. However, for people with diabetes, even minor foot problems like an ingrown toenail can increase the risk of serious health complications. Our podiatrists, Dr. Charlotte Reisinger and Dr. Dusky Farmer offer treatment for ingrown toenails and other foot and ankle problems in their Evansville, IN office.
Ingrown Toenail Treatment in Evansville, IN
Some people are more likely to develop ingrown toenails than others due to family history and heredity, but most cases can be prevented with a few modifications and adjustments to your foot care routine.
What you can do to lower your risk of ingrown toenails:
The first thing you can do to prevent ingrown toenails is to avoid tight, poorly fitting shoes that crowd your toes. Trauma and blunt impact can also cause a toenail to become ingrown, so you should always wear supportive footwear that protects your toes, especially if you work around heavy machinery or spend a lot of time in an environment where loose or heavy objects can fall on your feet.
Be sure to trim toenails straight across and avoid rough, jagged edges that can grow into the skin, and avoid cutting them too short. If you get professional pedicures, be sure to go to a licensed manicurist with good reviews. If you have any concerns, let the technician know ahead of time.
Ingrown toenails can usually be treated conservatively with warm foot soaks and time. However, if it becomes infected, you should see a podiatrist right away for treatment, especially if you have diabetes or circulation problems that can put you at risk for potentially serious complications.
In some cases, the podiatrist may remove part of the nail and prescribe antibiotics if it becomes infected. If you have diabetes, make regular foot care a part of your health and wellness routine, as even minor problems like blisters and ingrown toenails can put your health at risk.
Find a Podiatrist in Evansville, IN
For more information about ingrown toenail prevention and treatment, contact Reisinger Farmer Podiatry today by calling (812) 421-8555 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Reisinger or Dr. Farmer.