Posts for tag: Arthritis
Do you have a bunion? This deformity of the big toe joint can twist the position of the big toe toward, or even over, the second toe. Often plaguing more women than men, bunions cause pain and discomfort, affect the fitting of shoes, and is just plain embarrassing. At Reisinger Farmer Podiatry in Evansville, IN, your experienced podiatrists treat most bunions conservatively. Read below to learn more about what Dr. Charlotte Resinger and Dr. Dusky Farmer can do about your bunion.
How bunions happen
Also called Hallux Abducto Valgus, a bunion presents as a painful, reddened bump at the base of the big toe. This metatarsophalangeal joint bulges outward while causing the big toe to turn inward, both in varying degrees of severity. Harvard Health reports that as a bunion progresses, bursitis and arthritis often develop, along with corns and calluses caused by the friction between the shoe and the foot.
How could a bunion develop on your foot? Many factors play into this common podiatric problem, including:
- Heredity (bunions seem to run in families)
- High-heeled, narrow-toed shoes
- Lax joints
- Flat arches
- Age and gender (advancing years and being a woman are precipitating factors, explains Science Daily)
What you can do
At Reisinger Farmer Podiatry's Evansville office, your podiatrist will examine your bunion, analyze your gait, and take digital X-rays. These steps help the doctor grade the severity of your bunion and to develop a treatment plan to reduce pain and swelling, correct gait problems, and to keep the bunion from worsening.
Frequent components of a bunion treatment plan include:
- Over-the-counter analgesics for pain
- The application of ice on the bunion
- Elevation about heart level
- In-office removal of corns and calluses
- Shoe padding or moleskin to alleviate friction and pressure
- Night time splinting to encourage proper alignment of the big toe joint
- Shoe orthotics, custom-made inserts to correct overpronation, other gait problems, and flat arches
- Losing weight
- Changing to shoes with wider toe boxes, lower heels (no higher than 2-1/2 inches, says the American Podiatric Medical Association)
- Stretching exercises and physical therapy as needed
Bunionectomy (surgical removal of the bunion and subsequent re-aligning of the big toe) is sometimes is necessary in cases of severe and debilitating deformity. However, the doctors prefer a rigorous application of more conservative measures first before ever resorting to surgery.
Find relief for your bunion today!
For more information or to arrange a consultation at our Evansville office, please contact the office at (812) 421-8555.
Arthritis is a joint condition that affects roughly 54 million American adults according to the Arthritis Foundation. It can show up in joints all around the body, including the feet and toes. When the joints of the feet are affected by inflammation, it affects a patient’s ability to move their toes, bend their feet up or down, and turn on a dime when participating in athletic activities. Learn the steps that you can take to care for arthritic feet and improve your overall foot health.
Arthritis in the Feet
Arthritic joint pain, which is usually caused by an inflammatory reaction, is most commonly felt in the big toe, ankle, and the middle part of the foot. There are many different types of arthritis conditions that could affect the feet, including psoriatic, reactive, and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common form—it is caused by the bones rubbing together, making the joints feel stiff and painful. Patients who are overweight are more likely to struggle with arthritic feet, as are seniors. Some people have had arthritis since childhood (juvenile arthritis or JA), making them more likely to develop foot deformities like bunions and struggle with swollen joints.
Though arthritis isn’t a curable condition, the symptoms can be eased with treatment so that you can continue to walk, jog, exercise, and work without debilitating pain. These are some of the ways your podiatrist may treat arthritis in the feet:
- An X-ray or other imaging test to examine the condition of the joints.
- Physical therapy exercises to make the joints more flexible.
- Orthotic device or shoe for better foot support.
- Joint injections (corticosteroids).
- NSAID drugs (anti-inflammatories).
- Surgery to remove inflamed tissue around the joints (Arthroscopic debridement) or fuse the bones (arthrodesis).
Caring for Your Feet
Seeing a foot doctor is an important part of caring for arthritic feet. But there are also some actions you can take at home to keep your feet and joints in good condition:
- Get rid of shoes that put too much pressure on your joints, like high heels or sneakers that don’t support the ankles.
- Soak your feet in warm water with Epsom salt and massage your feet when relaxing.
- Commit to doing the toe and foot exercises suggested by your podiatrist.
Treating Arthritic Feet
Arthritic feet shouldn't prevent you from carrying on with normal life and physical activities. Get help from a podiatrist as soon as you start to experience symptoms and take extra steps to care for your feet.