My Blog
By Reisinger Farmer Podiatry
May 27, 2020
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Bunions  

Around 60 percent of older men and women suffer from a foot disorder that makes it difficult for them to stand or walk. One of the most common of these disorders is bunions. Despite the prevalence of this condition, there are fortunately ways that you can protect yourself against it.

Dr. Charlotte A. Reisinger and Dr. Dusky R. Farmer are podiatrists at Reisinger Farmer Podiatry in Evansville, IN, that specialize in the treatment of bunion—read on to learn how they can help you avoid this problem.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion (hallux valgus) is a swelling that appears on the side of the big toe below the middle joint. This progressive disorder gradually changes the bony structure of the foot causing the big toe to bend towards the second toe instead of pointing forward. If left untreated over the years, a bunion can cause pain, movement difficulties, and general discomfort when wearing shoes.

How to Avoid Bunions

  • Wear properly fitting shoes: Keeping your feet healthy is all about wearing the right footwear. That means wearing shoes that are a little loose on your foot and don’t compress your toes. The most comfortable shoes have good arch support and heels lower than two inches.
  • Make sure your shoes have a proper alignment: If you have flat feet, or your feet are misaligned, you should wear orthotic inserts in your shoes to provide the best support. Visiting your Evansville podiatrist will help you find the best shoes and inserts for your feet.
  • Maintain a healthy weight: If you are overweight, this puts unnecessary pressure on your feet as you stand or walk and particularly on the joint of your big toe. The higher pressure increases your chances of developing foot problems such as bunions.

If you’re looking for a podiatrist in Evansville, call Reisinger Farmer Podiatry today at (812) 421-8555.

By Reisinger Farmer Podiatry
May 20, 2020
Category: Foot Issues
Tags: Neuroma   Morton's Neuroma  
Morton's NeuromaA podiatrist can help you with a variety of conditions that affect the feet, including Morton’s neuroma. A neuroma is the thickening of nerve tissue in the body, with Morton's neuroma specifically happening in the ball of the foot. It’s caused by an irritation in the nerve between the third and fourth toes. Patients experience pain while walking, with a burning, tingling, or numbness. 
 
Developing Morton’s Neuroma
 
There isn’t any known cause for Morton’s neuroma. There are a few factors that can increase your risk though. These include: 
  • Trauma or injury to the foot, damaging the nerve and resulting in swelling.
  • Improper footwear, like shoes that squeeze the foot together. High heels also increase pressure on the vulnerable areas.
  • Recurring stress to the feet through repeated physical activities or exercise. This is common with patients who are constantly on their feet due to their job. 
  • Deformities of the foot, like a high arch or flat foot. These lead to instability throughout the foot. 
The most important thing that your podiatrist recommends is wearing comfortable shoes. You don’t want anything that squeezes or hurts. Always wear athletic shoes when engaging in any physical activity. 
 
How to Treat Morton’s Neuroma at Home
 
Start by finding shoes that give your toes lots of room and are easily adjustable. The soles need to be shock-absorbent and thick. This keeps the pressure off the feet. You should also invest in shoe inserts or soles recommended by your podiatrist. Lastly, pay attention to your feet and their pain levels. When your Morton’s neuroma starts to act up, take a minute to rest. Take off your shoe and massage the area. An ice pack brings down the swelling too. 
 
Talking to Your Podiatrist
 
You should schedule an appointment with your podiatrist as soon as you experience foot problems. Morton’s neuroma gets worse without treatment. Identifying the neuroma early on can prevent needing aggressive treatment options like surgery. 
 
For early forms of Morton’s neuroma, changing your shoes is enough to relieve your symptoms. Your podiatrist’s goal for early treatment is to relieve pressure from the affected area. After going through a physical examination and having X-rays done, your podiatrist creates a treatment plan that works for you. 
 
There are a few different options that can work for you:
  • Taping and padding: This is a special type of tape and bandages that you place on the bottom of the foot. This helps with your symptoms. 
  • Orthotics: These are the custom shoes that your podiatrist can create for you. 
  • Medication: Cortisone injections reduce the pain and inflammation in the foot. Anti-inflammatory drugs also reduce your swelling. 
  • Surgery is the last resort for treatment. The procedure is done on an outpatient basis. The injured nerve is removed and recovery takes a few weeks.
By Reisinger Farmer Podiatry
April 29, 2020
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Shoes   Injuries  
The Right ShoesExercise is an important aspect of keeping our bodies healthy and happy. That’s why it’s so important to wear the correct shoes for certain activities. Whether you’re an athlete, workout buff, or enjoy walking and hiking, you need the proper footwear. It makes the difference between enjoying your favorite activities and sitting out with an avoidable injury. Talk to your podiatrist to have your feet evaluated for your future workout needs.
 
Essential Equipment
All exercise involves your feet, ankles, and knees. Placing pressure on them puts you at risk for strains, sprains, and wear-and-tear injuries. Find shoes made specifically for the activity you engage in while also providing a good fit. They should accommodate your body and activity level. 
 
Pay attention to the wear on your older shoes. The soles show where you need more support in the future. The right shoe also feels good from the start. Don’t believe the sentiment that a shoe needs to be broken in. This is not true and creates ongoing problems. 
 
Matching Your Shoe to Your Sport
Different types of exercise affect your feet in different ways. Your shoes need to support the high-risk areas. 
  • Running requires shoes with shock absorption. Your feet take on a lot of pressure and friction. Cushioning your shoes in the correct areas keeps you from feeling the pain. 
  • Traction is important in sports that need quick changes in direction and sprinting, like basketball. Traction should never be too high or low. The right shoes keep you from slipping on the floor while letting you move and pivot.
  • Ankle support is a must. It limits the side-to-side movement that knocks your ankle out of alignment. This kind of support keeps ankle sprains at bay. For sports like basketball, hockey, skiing, and skating, make sure that your shoes aren’t too high. Otherwise, they will dig into your Achilles tendon. You can also wear soft ankle braces.
  • Arch support varies for everyone. Your podiatrist can test your foot to determine your gait. Depending on the results, your podiatrist can recommend orthotics or special shoe inserts.
Remember to Replace Your Old Shoes
Pay attention to the state of your shoes to understand when to replace them. When the condition starts to decline, especially the arch support and sole, it’s time to go shopping. Start looking for a replacement when they become uncomfortable and wear differently. You don’t have to wear shoes for a long time for them to wear out either. If you are participating in sports or activity on an almost daily basis, your shoes are bound to wear out quickly. 
By Reisinger Farmer Podiatry
April 21, 2020
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Arch Problems  

The arches of the feet play a role in supporting your body’s weight when standing or in motion. The tarsal and metatarsal bones make up the arches of the feet, also receiving additional support and stability from tendons and ligaments; however, our feet, like the rest of our body, can be affected by infections, disorders, and structural changes that can impact not only the health of our feet but also our mobility. It’s important to recognize the warning signs of arch problems so you know when you to see a podiatrist.

Arch Pain Causes

If you are dealing with arch pain it is most likely caused by an injury or by structural abnormalities in the foot. For example, those with very high arches as well as those with flat feet may experience arch problems due to these common structural issues.

As a result, there are other factors that could also lead to further arch problems including:

  • Being overweight or obese
  • Aging
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Cavus foot
  • Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction

It’s important to understand a little bit more about these common foot disorders and how they could affect the arches of your feet.

Plantar fasciitis

This condition that causes inflammation and microtears in the plantar fascia is also the most common cause of heel pain. Of course, because the plantar fascia (a ligament that connects the toes to the heel bone) also supports the arches of the feet this can also lead to arch pain. This condition is usually the result of overuse and is seen most often in runners. If you have plantar fasciitis it’s important to avoid physical activities until the fascia has fully healed.

Cavus foot

This condition, which affects the structure of the foot, leads to excessively high arches. People who’ve had a stroke, as well as people with certain conditions such as cerebral palsy may be more likely to develop cavus foot. This problem causes arch pain when standing or walking and can increase the risk for ankle injuries. Your podiatrist may choose to treat cavus foot through custom-made orthotics (shoe inserts), bracing, or by recommending specialized and supportive footwear.

Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction

The posterior tibial tendon runs from the calf muscles to the inner portion of the foot. This condition leads to changes in the tendon, which in turn affects its ability to support the arches of the foot. Flat feet can be caused by posterior tibial tendon dysfunction, and this is often the cause of flat feet that develop in adulthood. Like the other conditions above, treatment for PTTD usually involves bracing, orthotics, or providing custom devices that provide additional support to the arches of the feet.

If you are experiencing foot pain, swelling or other problems that affect mobility then it’s time that you turned to a podiatrist for care. Conditions and injuries that don’t respond to rest and at-home care may require more advanced treatments and therapies.

By Reisinger Farmer Podiatry
April 09, 2020
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Fungal Nails  

Are you embarrassed by cracked, yellowish nails? Are your nails thick and difficult to trim? If you answered yes, you may have a fungal nail infection. You may be surprised to know that fungus is the cause of up to 50 percent of all nail infections. Dr. Charlotte A. Reisinger and Dr. Dusky R. Farmer are board-certified podiatrists located in Evansville, IN. They are experts at treating nail fungus.
 

What You Should Know about Nail Fungus

Nail fungus is most common on toenails, but it is possible to get it on your fingernails as well. While it seldom affects young people, nail fungus is common in people who are over the age of 60. If you suffer from type 2 diabetes and you begin to see signs of nail fungus, you should talk to a podiatrist immediately as it could lead to more serious complications. If left untreated, in combination with diabetes, nail fungus could lead to amputation.

Nail Fungus Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of nail fungus include:

  • White spots on the nail’s surface
  • Nails that turn yellow or brown
  • Nails that grow thicker than normal
  • Brittle nails
  • Nails that curl up or down
  • Nails that lift from the nail bed
  • A bad smell from your nails
  • Pain from the nailbed

You should see a podiatrist if you are experiencing any of these symptoms. The sooner you receive treatment, the easier the issue will be to alleviate.

Preventing Nail Fungus

To reduce your risk of contracting nail fungus, you can:

  • Make sure your hands and feet are dry after you have bathed
  • Trim your nails regularly
  • Avoid walking barefoot on pool decks or in locker rooms
  • Change your socks regularly
  • If your feet sweat, use foot powder
  • Keep a spare pair of sneakers so sweaty ones can dry out.

If you have nail fungus, your podiatrist can treat often the issue with cream or with oral medication.

Living in or around Evansville, IN and have fungal nails? Don’t suffer in silence—contact Dr. Reisinger or Dr. Farmer at (812) 421 8555 and take the first step on the road to healthy nails.





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Evansville, IN Podiatrist Reisinger Farmer Podiatry 4501 Upper Mount Vernon Road Evansville, IN 47712 (812) 421-8555 Podiatrist in Evansville, IN Call For Pricing Options